Wednesday, November 29, 2023

Criminal Prevention Laws Across the Globe: An Overview

This article provides an overview of the criminal prevention acts and laws in different countries around the world.

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Criminal activities have been a part of human society for centuries, and they continue to pose a significant threat to public safety and security in modern times. Governments across the globe have taken various measures to prevent crime and protect citizens from criminal activities. This article provides an overview of the criminal prevention acts and laws in different countries around the world.

United States: The Crime Control Act and the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act

The United States has a long history of passing criminal prevention laws. The Crime Control Act of 1990 and the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 are two of the most notable laws in this regard. The Crime Control Act was designed to combat crime at the local level, whereas the Omnibus Crime Control Act was aimed at curbing organized crime and other national-level offenses.

United Kingdom: The Crime and Disorder Act and the Anti-Social Behaviour Act

The UK has taken several measures to prevent crime, including the Crime and Disorder Act of 1998 and the Anti-Social Behaviour Act of 2003. These laws aim to prevent disorderly and criminal activities in public spaces and also to address the root causes of criminal behavior.

Canada: The Criminal Code and the Youth Criminal Justice Act

The Criminal Code of Canada is the primary law that deals with criminal activities in the country. The Youth Criminal Justice Act, which was passed in 2003, deals with criminal activities committed by individuals under the age of 18.

Australia: The Crimes Act and the Criminal Code

The Crimes Act of 1900 and the Criminal Code are two of the most significant laws in Australia that deal with criminal activities. The Crimes Act covers a broad range of criminal activities, whereas the Criminal Code deals with more specific offenses, such as terrorism and money laundering.

France: The Penal Code and the Law on Preventing Delinquency

The Penal Code is the primary law that deals with criminal activities in France. The Law on Preventing Delinquency was passed in 2007 and aimed to prevent juvenile delinquency through education and other measures.

Germany: The Criminal Code and the Youth Welfare Act

The Criminal Code is the primary law that deals with criminal activities in Germany. The Youth Welfare Act deals with criminal activities committed by individuals under the age of 18 and aims to prevent repeat offenses by addressing the root causes of criminal behavior.

Japan: The Penal Code and the Juvenile Law

The Penal Code is the primary law that deals with criminal activities in Japan. The Juvenile Law deals with criminal activities committed by individuals under the age of 20 and aims to prevent repeat offenses by addressing the root causes of criminal behavior.

China: The Criminal Law and the Anti-Corruption Law

The Criminal Law is the primary law that deals with criminal activities in China. The Anti-Corruption Law was passed in 2005 and aimed to prevent corruption in public offices and other organizations.

South Africa: The Criminal Procedure Act and the Prevention of Organized Crime Act

The Criminal Procedure Act is the primary law that deals with criminal activities in South Africa. The Prevention of Organized Crime Act was passed in 1998 and aimed to prevent organized crime and other offenses that threaten national security.

Brazil: The Penal Code and the Statute of the Child and Adolescent

The Penal Code is the primary law that deals with criminal activities in Brazil. The Statute of the Child and Adolescent deals with criminal activities committed by individuals under the age of 18 and aims to prevent repeat offenses by addressing the root causes of criminal behavior.

India: The Indian Penal Code and the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act

The Indian Penal Code is the primary law that deals with criminal activities in India. The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, which was amended in 2015, deals with criminal activities committed by individuals under the age of 18 and aims to prevent repeat offenses by providing rehabilitation and other measures.

Mexico: The Federal Criminal Code and the Law of the National Public Security System

The Federal Criminal Code is the primary law that deals with criminal activities in Mexico. The Law of the National Public Security System was passed in 2009 and aimed to prevent crime and improve public safety through various measures, including the creation of a national crime database.

Russia: Criminal Code of the Russian Federation

The Criminal Code of the Russian Federation is the primary law that deals with criminal activities in Russia. It was last amended in 2018 and includes various measures to prevent and combat crime, including the establishment of a national DNA database and the expansion of law enforcement powers.

Bangladesh: Penal Code and Code of Criminal Procedure

The Penal Code and Code of Criminal Procedure are the primary laws that deal with criminal activities in Bangladesh. These laws were enacted during the British colonial period and have been amended over the years to include various measures for criminal prevention.

Pakistan: Pakistan Penal Code and Code of Criminal Procedure

The Pakistan Penal Code and Code of Criminal Procedure are the primary laws that deal with criminal activities in Pakistan. These laws were enacted during the British colonial period and have been amended over the years to include various measures for criminal prevention, including the establishment of special courts for terrorism-related cases.

Malaysia: Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Code

The Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Code are the primary laws that deal with criminal activities in Malaysia. These laws were enacted during the British colonial period and have been amended over the years to include various measures for criminal prevention, including the establishment of a witness protection program.

Singapore: Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Code

The Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Code are the primary laws that deal with criminal activities in Singapore. These laws were enacted during the British colonial period and have been amended over the years to include various measures for criminal prevention, including the establishment of mandatory death sentences for certain offenses.

Indonesia: Criminal Code and Criminal Procedure Code

The Criminal Code and Criminal Procedure Code are the primary laws that deal with criminal activities in Indonesia. These laws were enacted during the Dutch colonial period and have been amended over the years to include various measures for criminal prevention, including the establishment of a national anti-corruption commission.

Turkiye: Turkish Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Code

The Turkish Penal Code and Criminal Procedure Code are the primary laws that deal with criminal activities in Turkey. These laws were last amended in 2020 and include various measures for criminal prevention, including the establishment of a national intelligence agency and the expansion of law enforcement powers.

South Korea: Criminal Act and Criminal Procedure Act

The Criminal Act and Criminal Procedure Act are the primary laws that deal with criminal activities in South Korea. These laws were last amended in 2020 and include various measures for criminal prevention, including the establishment of a national crime victim compensation program.

Bibliography

  • “Crime Control Act of 1990.” Legal Information Institute, Cornell Law School, 2021.
  • “Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968.” Legal Information Institute, Cornell Law School, 2021.
  • “Crime and Disorder Act 1998.” UK Parliament, 2021.
  • “Anti-Social Behaviour Act 2003.” UK Parliament, 2021.
  • “Criminal Code.” Government of Canada, 2021.
  • “Youth Criminal Justice Act.” Government of Canada, 2019.
  • “Crimes Act 1900.” New South Wales Government, 2021.
  • “Criminal Code Act 1995.” Australian Government, 2021.
  • “French Penal Code.” Legifrance, 2021.
  • “Law on Preventing Delinquency.” Legifrance, 2021.
  • “German Criminal Code.” Gesetze im Internet, 2021.
  • “Youth Welfare Act.” Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung, 2016.
  • “Japanese Penal Code.” Japan Law Translation, 2021.
  • “Juvenile Law.” Japan Law Translation, 2021.
  • “Criminal Law.” China Law Translate, 2020.
  • “Anti-Corruption Law.” China Law Translate, 2021.
  • “Criminal Procedure Act.” South African Government, 1977.
  • “Prevention of Organized Crime Act.” South African Government, 1998.
  • “Penal Code.” Presidency of the Republic of Brazil, 1940.
  • “Statute of the Child and Adolescent.” Presidency of the Republic of Brazil, 1990.
  • “Indian Penal Code.” Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, 1860.
  • “Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act.” Ministry of Women and Child Development, Government of India, 2015.
  • “Federal Criminal Code.” Mexico Law Federal, 2021.
  • “Law of the National Public Security System.” Mexico Law Federal, 2021.
  • “Criminal Code of the Russian Federation.” World Intellectual Property Organization, 2021.
  • “Penal Code of Bangladesh.” Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs, Government of Bangladesh, 1860.
  • “Code of Criminal Procedure.” Ministry of Law, Justice and Parliamentary Affairs, Government of Bangladesh, 1898.
  • “Pakistan Penal Code.” National Assembly of Pakistan, 1860.
  • “Code of Criminal Procedure.” National Assembly of Pakistan, 1898.
  • “Penal Code.” Attorney General’s Chambers, Malaysia, 1936.
  • “Criminal Procedure Code.” Attorney General’s Chambers, Malaysia, 1997.
  • “Penal Code.” Attorney-General’s Chambers, Singapore, 1871.
  • “Criminal Procedure Code.” Attorney-General’s Chambers, Singapore, 2010.
  • “Criminal Code.” Indonesian Ministry of Law and Human Rights, 1946.
  • “Criminal Procedure Code.” Indonesian Ministry of Law and Human Rights, 1981.
  • “Turkish Penal Code.” Grand National Assembly of Turkey, 2004.
  • “Criminal Procedure Code.” Grand National Assembly of Turkey, 2014.
  • “Criminal Act.” National Law Information Center, South Korea,
Ahmed Minto
Ahmed Minto, a former geography graduate from the University of Dhaka, combines his passion for travel with his expertise in international issues to create captivating literary works. His writings intricately weave together his firsthand travel experiences, deep understanding of global affairs, and profound love for literature, offering readers a unique and thought-provoking perspective on the world. With Minto's evocative storytelling, readers are transported to new horizons, where they gain a deeper appreciation for the interconnectedness of our diverse planet.

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