What is Anxiety? How Anxiety Impacts Physical Health and Link between Anxiety and Chronic Illness

Anxiety can have a significant impact on physical health, and addressing anxiety in medical settings is an important part of the diagnostic process.

When you visit a doctor, it’s not uncommon for them to ask you about your mental health, specifically if you’re experiencing anxiety. This may seem like an odd question if you’re there for a physical ailment, but it’s actually an important part of the diagnostic process. Anxiety can have a significant impact on your physical health, and addressing it can lead to better overall outcomes. In this article, we’ll explore why doctors ask about anxiety, how anxiety can impact your physical health, and what treatment options are available.

What is anxiety?

Anxiety is a common mental health condition characterized by excessive worry, fear, and nervousness. It can be triggered by a variety of factors, such as stress, trauma, genetics, or underlying medical conditions. Some of the common symptoms of anxiety include:

  • Feeling restless or on edge
  • Fatigue or exhaustion
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Muscle tension or aches
  • Irritability
  • Sleep disturbances

Anxiety can be classified into different types, such as generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Each type of anxiety may have different triggers and symptoms, but they all share the common characteristic of excessive fear or worry.

How does anxiety impact physical health?

Anxiety is not just a mental health condition – it can also have a significant impact on your physical health. When you experience anxiety, your body responds by releasing stress hormones such as cortisol and adrenaline. These hormones can cause a range of physical symptoms, including:

  • Increased heart rate and blood pressure
  • Rapid breathing or hyperventilation
  • Digestive issues, such as nausea, diarrhea, or constipation
  • Headaches or migraines
  • Muscle tension or pain
  • Weakened immune system

Over time, chronic anxiety can lead to more serious health problems, such as cardiovascular disease, respiratory disorders, or autoimmune diseases. The link between anxiety and chronic illness is a complex one, and researchers are still exploring the mechanisms behind this connection.

While the exact link between anxiety and chronic illness is not fully understood, there is evidence to suggest that chronic stress and anxiety can contribute to the development and progression of certain diseases. For example, studies have found that people with anxiety disorders have a higher risk of developing:

  1. Cardiovascular disease: Chronic anxiety can lead to increased heart rate, blood pressure, and inflammation, which can damage the blood vessels and increase the risk of heart attack, stroke, or other cardiovascular events.
  2. Respiratory disorders: Anxiety can cause rapid breathing or hyperventilation, which can trigger asthma attacks or worsen chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
  3. Digestive disorders: Chronic anxiety can cause digestive issues such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).
  4. Autoimmune disorders: Anxiety can weaken the immune system, which can increase the risk of developing autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or multiple sclerosis.

In addition, anxiety can also exacerbate existing chronic health conditions, such as diabetes, chronic pain, or cancer. It can make it harder to manage these conditions, and lead to poorer health outcomes overall.

The importance of addressing anxiety in medical settings

Given the impact that anxiety can have on physical health, it’s important for doctors to ask about anxiety as part of the diagnostic process. By identifying and addressing anxiety, doctors can help improve the patient’s overall health outcomes and potentially prevent or manage chronic health conditions.

Furthermore, anxiety can also interfere with the treatment of physical health problems. For example, if a patient is experiencing chronic pain, anxiety can exacerbate the pain and make it harder to manage. By addressing the underlying anxiety, doctors can help the patient better manage their physical symptoms and improve their quality of life.

Additionally, anxiety can also impact a patient’s adherence to treatment plans. If a patient is experiencing anxiety, they may be less likely to follow through with prescribed treatments, such as medications or physical therapy. Addressing anxiety can improve treatment adherence and help patients achieve better health outcomes.

Treatment options for anxiety

There are several treatment options available for anxiety, including medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes. The appropriate treatment will depend on the severity and type of anxiety, as well as the individual’s preferences and needs.

  1. Medication: Anti-anxiety medications such as benzodiazepines or antidepressants may be prescribed to help manage symptoms of anxiety. However, these medications come with potential side effects and may not be appropriate for everyone.
  2. Therapy: Various forms of therapy, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), exposure therapy, or mindfulness-based therapies, can help individuals learn coping skills and manage their anxiety symptoms. Therapy can be delivered individually or in a group setting and can be a highly effective treatment option for anxiety.
  3. Lifestyle changes: Lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, healthy eating habits, and stress-management techniques such as meditation or yoga can also help manage anxiety symptoms.

In some cases, a combination of medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes may be the most effective treatment approach.


Anxiety can have a significant impact on physical health, and addressing anxiety in medical settings is an important part of the diagnostic process. By identifying and addressing anxiety, doctors can help improve overall health outcomes and potentially prevent or manage chronic health conditions. Treatment options for anxiety include medication, therapy, and lifestyle changes, and the appropriate treatment will depend on the severity and type of anxiety as well as the individual’s preferences and needs.

Student, University of Dhaka

Related Articles


Crime movies encouraging juvenile delinquency

Juveniles are our future generation to lead the nation. The Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989 recognized that 'Juvenile Delinquency'...

If You Want to Transform Your Life, Build These 10 Habits

Every individual aspires to lead a fulfilling and meaningful life. However, achieving personal transformation and growth requires more than just wishful thinking....

Understanding Legal and Social Definitions of Crime

The term "crime" is commonly used in our daily lives, but what exactly constitutes a crime may vary depending on the context....

10 Reasons Why You Should Study Criminology

Criminology is the scientific study of criminal behavior, causes, and prevention. This field of study has been around for centuries and has...

Criminology: Definition of Criminology and Its Origin, Schools of Thought, Subject Matters

Criminology is a fascinating field of study that seeks to understand the nature of crime and why individuals engage in criminal behavior....

Conscience and importance of moral education

Conscience is, of course, very important in the contemporary world, which is threateningly marked by inadequately justified wars, militant attacks and other...

Tasting Salt Beneficial or Harmful for health?

Tasting salt is a flavor enhancer used in savory foods, especially Asian foods. It is also known as monosodium glutamate (MSG) which...
Must Read

Hyein Seo: South Korea’s Top Fashion Brand Setting Trends Worldwide

In the ever-evolving landscape of fashion, South Korea has emerged as a powerhouse, producing innovative designers and influential brands. One such brand...

Exploring the Vibrant Tapestry of Bangladeshi Fashion: Tradition, Innovation, and Global Influence

Fashion has always been a powerful form of self-expression and cultural identity, showcasing the creativity, heritage, and diversity of a nation. Bangladesh,...

The BRICS Currency: A New Global Reserve Currency?

The BRICS countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa) are emerging economic powerhouses that are increasingly challenging the dominance of the...

The Vital Role of Medical ID Bracelets and How They Work

In emergency situations, every second counts, and access to crucial medical information can make a life-saving difference. Medical ID bracelets have emerged...

World Champion Football Team Argentina Partners with bKash Limited of Bangladesh

On 8th May 2023, the Argentine Football Association (AFA) and bKash Limited (bKash), the largest Mobile Financial Services provider in Bangladesh, announced...


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here