Cryptocurrency: What Are The Benefits and Risks of Investing in Cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency offers significant benefits to investors, including high returns, diversification, and potential growth opportunities. However, it also comes with significant risks, including market volatility, lack of regulation, and potential obsolescence.

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In the world of finance, cryptocurrency is a relatively new concept that has gained significant attention in recent years. Bitcoin, the first cryptocurrency, was introduced in 2009, and since then, hundreds of cryptocurrencies have emerged. Cryptocurrency is digital or virtual currency that uses cryptography for security and operates independently of a central bank. While some investors have reaped significant profits from cryptocurrency investments, others have suffered losses. This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide on the risks and benefits of investing in cryptocurrency.

What Is Cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency is a decentralized currency that operates on a blockchain network. Unlike traditional currencies, cryptocurrency is not backed by any government or financial institution. Cryptocurrency transactions are verified by a network of computers, and every transaction is recorded on a public ledger called the blockchain. The blockchain provides a transparent and secure platform for transactions, and it eliminates the need for intermediaries such as banks or financial institutions. Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, and Litecoin are some of the most popular cryptocurrencies in the market.

Benefits of Investing in Cryptocurrency

There are several benefits to investing in cryptocurrency. Firstly, cryptocurrency offers high returns on investment. For instance, Bitcoin’s value increased from $0.08 in 2010 to $64,863 in April 2021, offering early investors massive returns on their investment. Secondly, investing in cryptocurrency provides diversification to an investor’s portfolio. Cryptocurrency is not correlated with other traditional assets such as stocks or bonds, which means that it can act as a hedge against market volatility. Thirdly, cryptocurrency provides an opportunity for individuals to participate in a new and exciting asset class that has the potential for significant growth. Lastly, cryptocurrency transactions are anonymous and secure, which provides privacy and protection from fraud.

Icons or logos of cryptocurrencies
Icons or Logos of Cryptocurrencies

Risks of Investing in Cryptocurrency

While investing in cryptocurrency offers several benefits, it also comes with significant risks. Firstly, cryptocurrency is highly volatile, which means that the value of the currency can fluctuate rapidly. The value of Bitcoin, for example, dropped from $64,863 in April 2021 to $29,000 in June 2021, representing a significant loss for investors. Secondly, cryptocurrency is not regulated by any government or financial institution, which means that there is no protection for investors in case of fraud or hacking. Investors have lost millions of dollars in the past due to hacking incidents. Thirdly, the technology behind cryptocurrency is still evolving, which means that there is a risk of investing in an obsolete technology. Lastly, cryptocurrency is not widely accepted as a payment method, which means that it may not have the same liquidity as traditional currencies.

Best Practices for Investing in Cryptocurrency

Investing in cryptocurrency requires careful consideration and due diligence. Here are some best practices for investing in cryptocurrency:

  1. Do your research: Before investing in any cryptocurrency, it is essential to understand the technology behind it, its market capitalization, and its potential for growth.
  2. Diversify your portfolio: Investing in multiple cryptocurrencies can help reduce risk and provide diversification.
  3. Invest only what you can afford to lose: Cryptocurrency is highly volatile, and investing more than you can afford to lose can lead to significant losses.
  4. Store your cryptocurrency safely: It is essential to store your cryptocurrency in a secure wallet to protect it from hacking or fraud.
  5. Be prepared for market volatility: Cryptocurrency markets are highly volatile, and it is essential to be prepared for sudden price swings.


Cryptocurrency offers significant benefits to investors, including high returns, diversification, and potential growth opportunities. However, it also comes with significant risks, including market volatility, lack of regulation, and potential obsolescence. As with any investment, it is important to do your research, diversify your portfolio, and invest only what you can afford to lose. By following best practices for investing in cryptocurrency, investors can potentially reap significant rewards while minimizing their risks.


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  2. Eichberger, J., & Summermatter, S. (2019). The determinants of cryptocurrency market capitalizations: Evidence from Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple and Litecoin. Finance Research Letters, 29, 440-447.
  3. Kristoufek, L. (2015). What are the main drivers of the Bitcoin price? Evidence from wavelet coherence analysis. PloS one, 10(4), e0123923.
  4. Lee, K. (2018). Security and privacy issues in blockchain and cryptocurrency. Journal of Information Privacy and Security, 14(1), 1-10.
  5. Mihaljevic, M., & Mihaljevic, D. (2018). An empirical analysis of the diversification benefits of cryptocurrency investing. Financial Innovation, 4(1), 16.
  6. Nakamoto, S. (2008). Bitcoin: A peer-to-peer electronic cash system. Retrieved from
  7. Yang, Y., Wang, Y., & Yao, H. (2020). Cryptocurrency Investment Strategies: Implications for Investors. Journal of Financial Research, 43(3), 393-409.

Siam Ahmed is a student at Department of Economics, University of Barishal.

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